AMZALAK, ḤAYYIM (1824–1916), notable of the Jewish community in Ereẓ Israel. Amzalak, who was born in Gibraltar, went to Jerusalem with his parents in 1830. He became a grain merchant and banker, settled in Jaffa, and was appointed British vice consul for that town. He advised and guided the first emissaries of the Ḥovevei Zion (hibbat zion ) associations who came to Ereẓ Israel in 1882 from Russia, and was elected honorary president of the Committee of the Yesud ha-Ma'alah pioneers. This committee had been established in Jaffa by Z.D. Levontin to organize the activities of the settlers' associations. In 1882 when Jews of Russian origin were forbidden to purchase land in Ereẓ Israel, the Rishon le-Zion land was registered in Amzalak's name. At the beginning of World War I, Amzalak refused to renounce his British nationality and was exiled to Egypt. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Z.D. Levontin, Le-Ereẓ Avoteinu, 1 (1924), 48, 115; M.D. Gaon, Yehudei ha-Mizraḥ be-Ereẓ Yisrael, 2 (1938), 105–6; Tidhar, 2 (1947), 816; I. Klausner, Be-Hitorer Am (1962), index. (Yehuda Slutsky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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